If you want to prevent high blood pressure, this study gives the change to adopt first

If you want to prevent high blood pressure, this study gives the change to adopt first

A varied and balanced diet, rich in fruit and vegetables and low in salt, is one of the major commandments for cardiovascular prevention. The latter is easily at hand (or rather on the plate) and this study published in the journal Hypertension and relayed by the American Heart Association confirms this. Its authors claim that it is the priority lifestyle change to implement to reduce the risk of heart attacks and strokes. “ The study simulated the effect of lifestyle change on cardiovascular risk for people with high blood pressure and suggests that a priority change, adopting a heart-healthy diet, may do much. », they say. Specifically, for young and middle-aged adults with untreated hypertension, adopting the Dietary Approaches to Stopping Hypertension (DASH) diet would do more to reduce the risk of cardiovascular events over a 10-year period. years as changes such as weight loss.

Also to discover: Hypertension: tips for lowering the pressure

What is special about this scheme? The DASH diet is a dietary approach promoted by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute in the United States designed to treat or prevent high blood pressure over the long term. This is based on a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, skimmed dairy products and emphasizes the consumption of whole grain cereal products, legumes, nuts, fish and poultry. Conversely, it also suggests a reduction in the consumption of red and processed meat, sweets and sugary drinks and foods containing trans and saturated fats and cholesterol. The reason preventing high blood pressure is so important is that it makes the heart work harder to pump the blood that contains vital oxygen and nutrients through the body. The arteries that carry blood scar, harden and lose their elasticity. This type of damage can affect the heart, causing a heart attack, or the brain, causing a stroke, or the kidneys, causing kidney failure.

Hypertension: lifestyle change can come before medication

Our results provide strong evidence that large-scale healthy behavior changes can prevent future heart disease, related complications, and excessive healthcare costs.. adds the co-principal investigator of the study, Prof. Kendra D. Sims. Stage 1 hypertension is defined as having a systolic (high) count of 130-139 mmHg or a diastolic (low) count of 80-89 mmHg, according to American College of Cardiology guidelines and is usually treated with a lifestyle change rather than medication. Researchers used clinical trial data on the effects of lifestyle changes on lowering blood pressure to simulate the occurrence of heart disease and stroke and associated healthcare costs between 2018 and 2027 for people aged 35 to 64 with untreated stage 1 hypertension. These lifestyle changes included diet, physical activity, smoking cessation, weight loss, and alcohol reduction.

They found that lifestyle changes that lower blood pressure to less than 130 mmHg systolic or 90 mmHg diastolic could have significant health benefits. Their statistical model estimated that lifestyle changes would prevent 2,900 deaths and 26,000 cardiovascular events, such as strokes or heart attacks, over the simulated period. He also predicted that these changes could save $1.6 billion in associated healthcare costs. Additionally, adopting the DASH diet would have the greatest benefit, preventing approximately 15,000 cardiovascular events in men and 11,000 in women. By way of conclusion, however, the study underlines the importance of adopting in parallel the other healthy habits proposed and validated by the health agencies, because each of them potentiates the beneficial impact of the others, not to mention the multitude of others. benefits that the body can derive from all these positive changes.